First head of Government of Georges Pompidou, Jacques Chaban-Delmas has a political and economic program to trend social-liberal: the "new society". He wants to "straighten conditions hard and quickly, without compromising the standard of living", and insists, following the Gaullist tradition, on the need to ensure national independence and restore grandeur to the France, by developing its competitiveness. He denounced above all a society "blocked" by the fragility of the French economy and conservatism, social structures, he wants to rejuvenate. He advocates a redefinition of the role of the State, a better information of the citizen and announcement to this effect the partial liberalisation of the ORTF.
July 8, 1981:
Pierre Mauroy in the footsteps
of Jean Jaurès
Putting forward the back "historic" from the left to power, Pierre Mauroy calls, in a speech to the very solemn accents, to the legacy of Jean Jaurès and Jean Moulin, and advocates "a revival of national solidarity." It attaches priority return to employment of the 1.8 million unemployed. To this end, it builds on the extension of the public sector, massive nationalizations (from banks including), increased decentralization, reduction of the duration of labour (39 weekly hours crossing) and the lowering of the retirement age. To finance an ambitious social agenda, he claims to want to rely on "the mobilization of savings" and also announces the creation of a tax on large fortunes.
June 29, 1988:
Michel Rocard Announces
the creation of the RMI
Michel Rocard is becoming a Prime Minister to action, announcing to at the outset the creation of the minimum wage of insertion and justifying his personal intervention in the management of the Caledonian crisis. It also marks its footprint in the left pointing out the need to reduce the deficit of the State of 15 billion francs (2.3 billion) in 1989. "This rigour has meaning only to the service of employment, i.e., the recovery of competitiveness and of the French economy", he said. Carrying a "new hope", his speech emphasizes the consensual principles (tolerance, justice, progress, solidarity) rather than the presentation of specific solutions.
April 8, 1993:
Edouard Balladur wants to
"do the France again an example"
After five years of left-wing governments, Edouard Balladur is a reformist Prime Minister. Taking gaulliens accents, he promises to "make again the France an example", and insists its ambition to build "a strong, just, diverse France. While unemployment is advancing rapidly, he considers the economic and social situation "serious" and "sanitation" of the economy a priority. To this end, he insists on the need for a stable and strong currency and reaffirmed its "commitment to the current parity between the franc and the deutsche Mark. To stimulate the economy, he builds on an extensive program of privatizations and the decline of burdens on enterprises the thread of its employment policy.
May 23, 1995:
Alain Juppe attacks
the "social fracture".
First head of Government of President Chirac, Alain Juppe declined a speech based on "hope", "change" and "the restoration of the Republican Pact", triptych presidential campaign. On a background of "social fracture", the fight against exclusion is the leitmotiv of his program, where he called for "General mobilisation" against unemployment. He announced a contract employment initiative for the long-term unemployed and relief of burdens for SMEs. Also promising social housing and an allowance for the elderly, it remains vague on the funding of its programme, which, in fact, will remain dead on many points. Example: while he wanted to avoid increasing the VAT while respecting the Maastricht criteria, Alain Juppe entérinera the summer raising the rate of 2 points.
June 19, 1997:
Lionel Jospin promises 700,000 jobs-youth
Taking to reassure its majority eager, it provides that "there will be no pause, back, or denial" and confirm most earlier commitments, such as the creation of 700,000 jobs for young people, reduction of working time and the tipping of the disease on a wider CSG assessment. However, after a first part of speech largely devoted to the functioning of democracy (reform of justice, modernization of political life), it relies on the narrowness of its room for manoeuvre the situation of public finances is serious" for back-to-all major economic and social choices. If Lionel Jospin says want to stabilize the compulsory levies, it does not say a word about the evolution of public expenditure, yet very sensitive to eighteen months in the changeover to the euro.
July 3, 2002:
Jean-Pierre Raffarin wants reform without dividing
"The slope is high but the road is right." In his policy speech, Jean-Pierre Raffarin is committed to carry out more substantive reforms: decentralization, State reform, pension reform, easing the 35 hours, change of status of EDF and GDF. Its path takes a markedly liberal cap, but is not claimed as such, the Prime Minister seeking to not arouse disputes. With a method, proximity, and an ideal, a "carrier of a new humanism" France, his speech is consensual and attempts to mobilize the trade unions and employers in promoting social dialogue. It remains very vague on his calendar, largely depend on the evolution of the social climate and conditions.
June 8, 2005:
Dominique de Villepin launches "the battle for employment."
Ten days after the "no" to the referendum on the Constitution European, while public opinion is skeptical and very tense political climate, Dominique de Villepin speaks of offensive employment, and very careful on the remaining policy, topics such as immigration and the minimum service being completely overshadowed. Abandoning, a time, the posture of the lyricism of pragmatism, he shows resolutely proactive to "win the employment battle." Addressing a real taboo, he announces that he will proceed by orders "because there is a need to act quickly". At the France "overdue", it proposes measures to boost hiring young people and senior citizens, a fortiori in very small enterprises, including the famous new contract hires (CNE).